China National Day (Golden Week Holiday)

The October 1st is China's National Day which is to commemorate the founding of People’s Republic of China in 1949. There are usually many activities arranged in Tiananmen Square in Beijing to celebrate that day.

China National Day (Golden Week Holiday)

National Day holiday is fixed at October 1–7 with adjacent weekend days being mandatory workdays to make up for lost time. This period is also called also called "golden week" because of the biggest week for tourism in China, when people have a week off to reunite with families and take trips.

2021 Chinese National Day Holiday Schedule

   Oct.1    <----->    Oct.7
  Friday   <----->  Thursday

If the Mid-Autumn Festival holiday falls within this period, as it does in about one out of five years, the holiday period generally gets a day or two longer.

How To Travel in China in Golden Week

The History of China's National Day

On October 1, 1949, the People's Republic of China was inaugurated. An official victory celebration and ceremony was held in Tian’anmen Square. Mao Zedong raised the first Communist national flag of China in person amid 300,000 soldiers and other people who were gathered at the square.

National Day Celebrations/Activities

In recent years, the National Day holidays were extended to one week. It is like the US 4th of July holidays, but it is much longer.

The National Day Flag Raising Ceremony

Tian’anmen Square: On October 1, there is a special flag raising ceremony. The square is decorated festively with flags and portraits. Exactly at sunrise, uniformed troops march out to start the flag raising ceremony.

To watch it, you'll need to get there at least about 10 minutes before then. The entire ceremony lasts only 3 minutes. Sometimes crowds of thousands are there on October 1, but sometimes in bad weather, only a small crowd gathers.

To get into the plaza, you have to go through a security check. Your baggage will be checked, and it is best to bring little with you.

Learn everything you need to know about Tian' anmen Square — largest famous world square, interesting facts about military parades from 1949 to 2015 and practical tips about how to watch a flag rising ceremony less painfully.